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Chicken Vet

by on July 2nd, 2014

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Chicken Vet ALMany of us value our hens like our other family pets and want to be able to get professional advice and treatment if they fall ill. Currently most vets get minimal training on backyard chicken diagnosis and care, but with increasing numbers of hens now being kept across the country because of our re-homing initiative, there is a growing demand for specialist knowledge and treatment.

Although Fitzalan House has always been keen to treat poultry, we are delighted to tell you that vet Alison Livesey has recently been on an extensive course run by Chickenvet Poultry Vet Specialists and is able to offer an exceptionally well-informed service.

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Breathing problems in dogs and cats

by on May 30th, 2014

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Boxer sadHaving trouble breathing is, at the very least, an uncomfortable experience, but can also be life-threatening if your pet is unable to take in enough oxygen to their lungs when breathing in, or to get rid of enough carbon dioxide from their lungs when breathing out.

 

What can cause difficulty breathing in cats and dogs?

There are lots of different causes of difficulty breathing but most of the time they are due to a problem which affects the airway or the lungs in some way. Some of the disorders which can occur in different parts of the respiratory tract are listed below.

 

Affected part of airway: nose, throat (pharynx), vocal cord area (larynx):-

  • Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome is seen in dogs with short-noses such as Pugs and Bulldogs and includes a number of airway abnormalities present from birth. Increased risk on hot days, during exercise or stress
  • Laryngeal paralysis – the vocal cords fail to move properly during breathing. Especially larger breed dogs (e.g. retrievers). Increased risk on hot days, during exercise
  • Masses causing obstruction – may be cancerous but not always (e.g. nasopharyngeal polyps in cats)

Affected part of airway: windpipe (trachea):-

  • Tracheal collapse – the windpipe flattens during breathing hindering airflow. Especially little dogs (e.g. Yorkshire terriers, Chihuahuas) who often have a characteristic cough (‘goose honk cough’); often gets worse when excited or stressed
  • Tracheal foreign body e.g. bone or pebble stuck in windpipe

Affected part of airway: lungs:-

  • Bruising (contusion) for example after a traumatic episode (e.g. cat hit by car)
  • ‘Water on the lungs’ (pulmonary oedema) – especially due to heart failure
  • Infection (pneumonia). Especially bacterial infections after inhaling stomach contents (aspiration pneumonia). Also lungworm – especially in dogs
  • Cancer – may originate in the lungs or spread there from somewhere else in the body
  • Allergy – especially feline asthma (allergic airway disease)
  • Foreign body – e.g. inhaled grass awn or other plant material

Affected part of airway: chest cavity around lungs:-

  • Build-up of air (pneumothorax) due to airway rupture, especially after a traumatic episode (e.g. cat hit by car)
  • Build-up of fluid (pleural effusion) due to e.g. heart failure; infection (pyothorax); bleeding
  • Diaphragm rupture – usally after trauma when organs such as the stomach or liver may move into chest

How will I know that my pet is having difficulty breathing?

It may well be obvious to you that your pet is struggling to breathe because you are used to seeing them breathing normally and will notice a change. In many cases there is an increase in both the rate and effort of breathing but one or other may occur. You may notice for example that there is more movement of their chest and tummy area or that there is flaring of the nostrils. Some of the most severely affected animals show ‘postural adaptations’ to help them move air (e.g. sitting upright rather than lying down, standing with their elbows out). In very severe cases, the gums may take on a bluish or purplish appearance rather than their normal salmon pink colour. This is referred to as ‘cyanosis’ and should prompt immediate veterinary attention.

What will my vet do to help my pet?

Your vet may want to approach the management of your pet in a slow and steady fashion, taking their time to do the various necessary tests and treatments rather than risking stressing your pet.

More severe cases receive oxygen therapy and sometimes various drugs straight away to try and make them more stable for further tests and treatments. It may also be necessary, for example, to remove air or fluid from around the lungs using a needle (thoracocentesis). Commonly performed tests include ultrasonography and taking x-rays, and an ECG may be done in some cases where heart failure is suspected to see whether the heart is beating with a normal rhythm. In some cases an endoscope (like a tiny video camera) is passed into the airway under a general anaesthetic and other tests that may be performed include analysing your pet’s faeces and taking blood tests.

Depending on the diagnosis, your pet may need to be on medications, sometimes for the rest of his or her life, or they may need an operation. Their exercise may need to be restricted, sometimes just for a while but sometimes also more long-term. Unfortunately in some cases the cause of the difficulty breathing is one that has a very poor outlook. As there are many reasons why your pet may be having difficulty breathing, it is not possible to be too specific here and you should consult your vet if you are at all worried about your pet’s breathing.

If you are worried about your pet’s breathing you must consult your veterinary practice immediately. Dogs and especially cats that are struggling to breathe are in a very vulnerable position and it is very important to try and stress them as little as possible or they may deteriorate.

 

 

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Calling all pets who have missed their Boosters

by on April 30th, 2014

Category: News, Tags:

Dog & Cat under sofa 2Last year only half of the UK dog and cat population were fully protected against infectious diseases. Was your pet one of them?

If it has been over 12 months since you last visited us, then your pet could be at risk of contracting potentially fatal infections such as parvovirus, leptospirosis or cat ’flu.  Unfortunately, immunity to these diseases does not last a lifetime and will gradually wane, leaving your pet at increased risk of disease.  To ensure continued protection, you need to make sure that they are regularly ‘boosted’ against these diseases.

 

Vaccination has been one of the great success stories of veterinary medicine, and has saved countless thousands of animals. But these days – thanks, largely, to vaccination – infectious disease is much less obvious; and of course in the UK, the MMR debate seems to have damaged the reputation of vaccines in general.
More recently, there’s been discussion in the media about pet booster vaccinations. Are they really essential to your pets health? Or are they just a way for your vet to make money?  It’s worth remembering that many of the pet diseases we vaccinate against are killers.  Whereas a child with mumps will almost certainly get better, an unvaccinated dog that contracts parvovirus can easily die. Only vaccination can prevent these diseases in animals exposed to infection. Even those who question the need for annual boosters are strongly supportive of vaccination overall.

Are annual boosters really necessary? Major studies have been carried out to determine whether the annual booster period can be extended. As a result some vaccines, such as rabies, are now licensed to protect pets for up to three years.  However, it is vital to realise that for some diseases, protection is much shorter. Especially for leptospirosis in dogs – no vaccine will protect your pet for more than a year – and leukaemia in cats. This is based on real data and studies have shown that even with one of the best vaccines protection starts to decline after about 12 months. So despite significant developmental advances annual boosters are still essential.

 

Our practice is launching a scheme this November only to help you ensure that your pet’s vaccinations are up-to-date.  If your pet’s last vaccination was more than 18 months ago, a restart consisting of a full course of two vaccinations will be necessary to maintain protection.  We’re offering owners the opportunity of having a full vaccination course for the price of a booster, saving over 20% on the usual price. In addition, this visit will also enable us to give your pet a full lifestyle health check and identify any other potential health problems at an early stage. Remember, prevention is always better than cure!

 

To participate, simply speak to our receptionist or ring the surgery to book an appointment and enrol your pet in the scheme, which will only be running until 31st May 2014.   Just one step to find out more could ensure your pet stays healthy!

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Tackling Ticks & Lyme Disease

by on March 31st, 2014

Category: News, Tags:

Cat on toiletTicks are second only to mosquitoes throughout the world in transmitting infectious disease to humans and animals.

Although the majority of tick-borne diseases in dogs and cats are thought to be exotic to the UK, Lyme disease and Anaplasmosis are already present in the UK, both having the potential to infect not only pets but humans as well.

LYME DISEASE is a bacterial infection that is usually carried by the deer tick. Symptoms include lameness, fever, loss of appetite, fatigue and an abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes. It is often treatable with antibiotics.

ANAPLASMOSIS is an infectious blood disease that attacks the white blood cells, crippling the immune system. Symptoms include fever, depression, seizures, meningitis, lameness and joint swelling, weight loss, and loss of appetite. It is treatable with antibiotics.

Tick-borne disease is an emerging illness that is often misdiagnosed due to the variety of symptoms, all of which can mimic other conditions. Whilst these symptoms are non-specific and can occur in a variety of illnesses, if your cat or dog displays any of the following warning signs, he/she may have been bitten by a tick:

• Fever
• Lameness
• Loss of appetite
• Sudden onset of pain in their legs or body
• Arthritis or swelling in your pet’s joints
• Lethargy or depression
• Cough

Contact your veterinary surgeon immediately to book an appointment.

In addition please be aware that life-threatening tick-borne diseases such as Babesiosis and Ehrlichioisis can be transmitted to pets travelling abroad, even as close to home as France, therefore regular tick treatment for travelling pets is vital! Call in for advice.

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Blocked Cats

by on February 27th, 2014

Category: News, Tags:

Cat on toilet

A ‘blocked’ cat describes a patient that can’t pass urine due to an obstruction. It is one of the true emergencies affecting cats and it can quickly become life-threatening (1-2 days).  Any cat can be affected but it is much more common in males. It is therefore essential that everyone who lives with a male cat is aware of this condition.

What is a ‘blocked’ cat?

 

Like humans, cats have two kidneys which make urine by filtering the blood. Urine flows down (via tubes called ureters) from the kidneys into the urinary bladder; it is then excreted from the body through a tube called the urethra which connects the bladder to the outside. ‘Blocked cats’ are ones in which the urethra becomes obstructed preventing urine from being passed. Therefore the correct medical term for this blockage is a urethral obstruction.

Why is urethral obstruction more common in male cats?

 

In male cats the urethra runs from the bladder through the penis to the outside world. At a certain point there is a bend in the urethra and it becomes narrower; this is the main reason why male cats are much more commonly affected by urethral obstruction. In female cats the urethra is shorter, does not have a bend in it and does not become narrower.

 

Which male cats are more likely to be affected?

 

Urethral obstruction can be seen in all kinds of male cats but it is most common in ones that are:
  • Overweight
  • Confined indoors
  • Fed dry food only
Many blocked cats are young or middle-aged and have been neutered – but the problem can occur in older cats and uncastrated ones as well.

 

What is it that blocks the urethra?

 

The urethra most often gets blocked by ‘plugs’ of material including protein, cells and little crystals and/or by stones (uroliths) formed from minerals. These substances are usually present in the urine in small amounts but they can build up and then cause an obstruction. This may be more likely in cats that do not consume enough water (either in their diet or by drinking) or that do not urinate often enough. Most blocked tomcats do not have a urinary tract infection.
Other much less common causes of urethral obstruction include tumours and in some cases a cause is not found.

 

Why is it a problem if the urethra becomes obstructed?

 

The body needs to be able to pass urine in order to get rid of substances (e.g. potassium, acid) that are harmful when they accumulate in the body. When the urethra gets blocked these substances are not removed, they build up in the cat’s body, and then have dangerous consequences making the cat extremely ill. The bladder often becomes hard and very painful for the cat as well.

 

 

How can I tell that my cat’s urethra may be obstructed?

 

It is important to realise that not all cats with urethral obstruction show the same signs. Some may just show non-specific signs such as being off their food or a little quieter than normal. Vomiting may occur, and at the opposite end of the spectrum some cats become very depressed and collapsed. There are some classical signs associated with urethral obstruction but remember that not all cats show these signs:
  • Straining to urinate, maybe crying out when doing so
  • Making frequent visits to the litter tray but only passing a few drops each time (‘spotting urine’)
  • Discoloured urine due to blood
If your cat strains in the litter tray you should try and pay attention to whether they have passed faeces recently or not. Carers sometimes ring worried that their cat is constipated and then it turns out that in fact their bladder is blocked and the straining was because the cat is unable to pass urine.
Other signs that cats with urethral obstruction may show include:
  • Walking abnormally at their back end – carers often mistakenly think the cat has had an accident of some sort
  • Yowling as if in pain when picked up

It is essential to seek veterinary attention if you notice any of these signs in your cat, especially if the cat is male

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Corneal Ulcers

by on February 3rd, 2014

Category: News, Tags:

Corneal ulcer

The cornea, the outermost layer of the eye, is a very special tissue that is completely transparent. In contrast to the skin, it lacks pigment and even blood vessels to maintain its transparency. The cornea is very rich with nerves, making it a very sensitive tissue. This is the reason why even small particles such as dust on the surface of the eye can be so uncomfortable.
 
The cornea is made of three layers:
  • a very thin outer layer (epithelium)
  • the thick middle layer (stroma)
  • a very thin inner layer (endothelium)
All three layers are important for the cornea to work. The outer layer or ‘epithelium’ can be thought of as a layer of cling film that forms the surface of the cornea and protects it from infections. It works as a shield to the eye. The thick middle layer or ‘stroma’ is what gives the cornea its strength and stability.
 
Corneal ulcers are classified by the depth, depending on the layers they affect. If only the epithelium is missing this is classified as a ‘superficial ulcer’ (or surface defect only). If the ulcer reaches into the stroma it is classified as a ‘deep ulcer’.
 
While superficial or surface ulcers are uncomfortable and present a risk of infection to the eye; the eye is not at the risk of bursting unless additional problems occur. However when the ulcer gets deep the eye becomes weak and can even perforate. Deep ulcers lead to visible indentations on the surface of the eye and can be accompanied by inflammation inside the eye.
 
Signs of corneal ulcers usually include eye pain (squinting, tearing, depressed behaviour) and ocular discharge, which can be watery or purulent.
 
Sometimes a lesion may already be visible on the surface of the eye. In this case it is particularly important to seek help from your veterinary surgeon as soon as possible.
 

How is a corneal ulcer diagnosed?

 

To diagnose a corneal ulcer your vet may use a special dye that highlights any defects of the surface layer by staining the underlying tissue green (See Photo). This test is called the fluorescein test.

 

Why do corneal ulcers occur?

 

When the presence of an ulcer has been confirmed, it is important to try and find a reason for it. Most ulcers occur due to an initial trauma. This is more likely to happen in dogs and cats with very prominent eyes (also called ‘brachycephalic’ animals), for example in Pugs and Pekingese dogs or Persian cats. In cats the flare up of a Feline Herpes Virus infection is also a common cause for the development of a corneal ulcer. Many conditions can increase the risk of corneal ulcers. Reduced tear production is a common contributing factor, but other conditions such as an incomplete blink, in-rolling of the eyelid (also called ‘entropion’) or eye lid tumours may contribute to the occurrence, but even more so may interfere with the healing process.
 

How are corneal ulcers treated?

 

To treat an ulcer it is essential that the underlying cause is identified and if possible corrected. This will stop the ulcer from getting worse and allow the eye to heal as quickly as possible. The treatment plan will usually include eye drops to treat or prevent infection but may include other medication depending on the cause and severity of the ulcer. Painkillers and/or antibitotics by mouth may also be necessary.

Do any corneal ulcers require an operation?

 

If an ulcer is deep or the cornea is even ruptured, surgery is required to save the eye. Different techniques are available, but all of them place healthy tissue into the defect to stabilise the cornea. Very small suture material, as thin as a human hair, is used to repair the cornea and an operating microscope should be used to handle the small and very fine structures of the eye. Grafting surgeries are very successful in saving eyes, but can lead to scaring of the cornea leaving it less transparent in areas.
 

How can corneal ulcers be prevented?

 

Corneal ulcers are best prevented and if they are present they should be treated as soon as possible to stop them from getting bigger and deeper.
Particularly in patients with prominent eyes, regular eye examinations should be performed to detect weaknesses in the corneal health. Indications of that may include white or brown marks on the surface of an otherwise comfortable eye or sticky discharge that continues to recur. Any painful eye should be presented to a veterinary surgeon as soon as possible.
Eyes may be cleaned with tap water that ideally should be boiled and cooled down again, using a lint-free towel. This should however not replace or delay the visit to a veterinary surgeon, as many ulcers require medication to achieve fast healing and prevent ill effects to the transparency of the cornea and therefore the sight of the dog or cat. Particularly; if a deep indentation or bulging tissue is noted on the surface, the eye should not be manipulated to prevent any additional damage.

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Parvovirus – a Returning Disease?

by on January 2nd, 2014

Category: News, Tags:

Puppy retriever largeCanine parvovirus is an extremely contagious disease that can have severe, even fatal, consequences. It is a relatively recent infection which was first described in the 1970s. When the disease emerged, thousands of dogs died after infection, before an effective vaccine was produced. Although reliable vaccines have been used for many years, there have been several recent instances where vets have seen more clinical cases than they would usually expect.

The parvovirus preferentially attacks dividing cells including those that form the lining of the digestive tract, and this leads to the commonly seen clinical signs of vomiting, profuse diarrhoea, dullness and depression.

How does it spread?

The parvovirus is passed out in the faeces of infected dogs and contaminates the environment. If the dog survives and recovers, infectious virus is still passed out in the faeces for several weeks. Other dogs are infected by ingestion of the infectious material, either from contamination of the environment or direct contact with an infected dog.

Virus is excreted in vomit as well as faeces, and can persist on an infected dog’s feet and coat and be transmitted in this way. Contaminated hands of owners, bedding, feeding bowls and toys can also play a part in transmission. After infection there is an incubation period of 4 – 7 days before signs of illness are seen.

Clinical Signs of Infection

Parvovirus can affect dogs of all ages, but puppies are most susceptible to the disease. Signs of illness seen after the incubation period include vomiting, diarrhoea, depression and abdominal pain. Diarrhoea is usually profuse and often contains blood. A fever may be present but is not always a feature of the condition. Due to the vomiting and diarrhoea, the dog rapidly becomes dehydrated and if untreated at this stage it may well die.

Treatment

Diagnosis of parvovirus requires veterinary testing. There is no specific treatment for infected dogs but supportive therapy is essential for any chance of survival. This includes fluid therapy with intravenous fluids and often intensive nursing. Isolation is essential to prevent spread of the disease to susceptible individuals. Antibiotics are usually administered to prevent complications such as septicaemia, which are a recognised cause of death in these patients.

Outlook

This depends on the level of infection and the individual dog’s response to it, as well as the stage at which the disease is diagnosed and treatment is commenced. Many dogs will make a good recovery with sufficient veterinary care.

Prevention

Parvovirus can be prevented by following your vet’s recommended vaccination programme. As pups are the most susceptible to the disease, it is very important to take your new pup to your vet for a check and to get them started on their vaccines. They will need 2 or more injections separated by 2 or 3 weeks for their primary course – the exact number depends on the brand of vaccine that is used by your practice and the recommendation of the vaccine manufacturers.

Boosters may be given one year after the puppy course, and after this the interval depends on the vaccine being used. Many are now given at intervals of three years rather than every year. Although the increased interval may prevent over-vaccination, one potential problem is that owners may then miss the three-yearly booster especially if they have moved or changed vets and do not receive a reminder.

There have been many recent cases of parvovirus in the UK, suggesting that the general immunity level is waning and that not all dogs are receiving vaccination on a regular basis. Parvovirus is a killer disease that is preventable – if you are in any doubt about your dog’s immune status please ask us for advice.

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New – Fitzalan House Pet Health Plans

by on November 29th, 2013

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Fitzalan House Pet Health PlansFitzalan House Veterinary Group are delighted to announce the launch of their Pet Health Plans which will provide you with a simple, money-saving way to give your cat, dog or rabbit the regular preventive treatments he or she needs, all for a monthly Direct Debit payment.

At Fitzalan House Veterinary Group we believe that a proactive, preventive approach to your pet’s healthcare is far better than waiting until your pet is vulnerable, ill or suffering to put things right. We want to make responsible pet ownership simple and affordable, which is why we have designed these Pet Health Plans. The plans cover all the regular essentials at a discounted rate, and in addition, we will also give you exclusive discounts on dental treatments, routine neutering, prescription diets, and much more.

Pet Health Plans are not pet insurance: Pet Health Plans include the regular things – like vaccinations, flea, worm and parasite treatments, health checks and advice in your monthly payment plan – that pet insurance generally doesn’t cover. However young or old your pet, a Pet Health Plan is designed to adapt to your pet’s needs, from puppy or kitten, to adulthood and throughout its senior years.

A Pet Health Plan makes it easy for you to protect your pet and your family against preventable diseases and discomfort by making sure your pet’s vaccinations, flea and worm treatments can be kept up to date. Plus, regular check-ups and early diagnosis of any potential health issues will help your pet enjoy a long, comfortable life, whilst saving you money and worry too.

We have teamed up with Pet Health Plans from Denplan, who will collect your Direct Debits on our behalf and take care of the administration of the plans. This frees us to concentrate on looking after your pets.

Find out more about the Fitzalan House Pet Health Plans by clicking on this link or contact our team on fitzalanvets@gmail.com

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Calling all pets who have missed their Boosters

by on November 5th, 2013

Category: News, Tags:

In 2012, only half of the UK dog and cat population were fully protected against infectious diseases. Was your pet one of them?

If it has been over 12 months since you last visited us, then your pet could be at risk of contracting potentially fatal infections such as parvovirus, leptospirosis or cat ’flu. Unfortunately, immunity to these diseases does not last a lifetime and will gradually wane, leaving your pet at increased risk of disease. To ensure continued protection, you need to make sure that they are regularly ‘boosted’ against these diseases.

Dog & Cat under sofa

Vaccination has been one of the great success stories of veterinary medicine, and has saved countless thousands of animals. But these days – thanks, largely, to vaccination – infectious disease is much less obvious; and of course in the UK, the MMR debate seems to have damaged the reputation of vaccines in general.

More recently, there’s been discussion in the media about pet booster vaccinations. Are they really essential to your pets health? Or are they just a way for your vet to make money? It’s worth remembering that many of the pet diseases we vaccinate against are killers. Whereas a child with mumps will almost certainly get better, an unvaccinated dog that contracts parvovirus can easily die. Only vaccination can prevent these diseases in animals exposed to infection. Even those who question the need for annual boosters are strongly supportive of vaccination overall.

Are annual boosters really necessary?

Major studies have been carried out to determine whether the annual booster period can be extended. As a result some vaccines, such as rabies, are now licensed to protect pets for up to three years. However, it is vital to realise that for some diseases, protection is much shorter. Especially for leptospirosis in dogs – no vaccine will protect your pet for more than a year – and leukaemia in cats. This is based on real data and studies have shown that even with one of the best vaccines protection starts to decline after about 12 months. So despite significant developmental advances annual boosters are still essential.

Our practice is launching a scheme this November only to help you ensure that your pet’s vaccinations are up-to-date. If your pet’s last vaccination was more than 18 months ago, a restart consisting of a full course of two vaccinations will be necessary to maintain protection. We’re offering owners the opportunity of having a full vaccination course for the price of a booster, saving up to £12. In addition, this visit will also enable us to give your pet a full lifestyle health check and identify any other potential health problems at an early stage. Remember, prevention is always better than cure!

To participate, simply speak to our receptionist or ring the surgery to book an appointment and enrol your pet in the scheme, which will only be running until 30th November 2013. Just one step to find out more could ensure your pet stays healthy!

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Fireworks – How can you help?

by on September 30th, 2013

Category: News, Tags:

Firework stress affects almost 50% of dogs and many cats too. Fireworks are no longer a 5th November only event and are heard throughout the autumn and often used for many other celebrations such as birthdays, weddings, New Year & Diwali.

Dog nose hiding under duvet

Stress can manifest itself in many ways – some dogs will run around and vocalise; others even become destructive and may harm themselves. However, sometimes the signs of stress can be much more subtle. This is especially true for cats and they will often withdraw and hide, meaning that their stress is not easily recognised.

The most important change that must be made is for you to change your behaviour. It is completely natural to want to reassure your pet when it is stressed however all this does is reinforce the unwanted behaviour and unfortunately makes matters worse.

If stress associated with fireworks is not dealt with, it often progresses to fear of other sounds like thunder and gunshots and eventually even every day noises such as car doors slamming. As a result we must address this problem promptly and effectively to improve the welfare of our pets.

Managing firework stress needs an approach to both the short and long-term issue. In the short term we must manage our pets on the night.

Long term we need to change the feelings our pets associate with fireworks in order that they do not become stressed.

Short Term Management

Here are some useful tips to help your pet cope during the firework season:

  • * Provide a den or hiding place and ideally where your pet would normally seek refuge
  • * Muffle the sound of the fireworks and radio, television, close the curtains
  • * Keep your pet inside and close the cat flap and ensure you dog is not able to access the garden
  • * Do not fuss them, or tell them off, if they are stressed
  • * Reward quiet, calm behaviour
  • * Consider anxiety relieving products such as Adaptil, Feliway, Zylkene and KalmAid. There are no known side effects with these products such as sedation or memory loss. They can be used for both short and long-term management.

Long Term Management

Sound desensitisation is proven to address the underlying problem by altering your pet’s reaction to the stress-inducing noises. It works by exposing your pet to the scary sounds under controlled conditions whilst it is doing something enjoyable such as chewing a favourite toy or treat.

This then breaks the negative association that your pet has learned with respect to fireworks and makes the association more positive.

The most common method uses CD’s which are played initially for a very short amount of time at low volume.

The length of time and volume is gradually increased as your pet progresses through the programme.

Sound Desensitisation takes time (usually weeks to months) and you must be guided by your pet as to how quickly you can progress.

How do anxiety-relieving products help?

Zylkene is a novel natural product derived from milk protein, which has relaxing properties, and is proven to help manage stress in cats and dogs.

KalmAid contains L-Tryptophan which is an essential amino acid that affects production of serotonin. Serotonin has a calming and relaxing effect. L-theanine, another amino acid also has a calming effect. Vitamin B1 is added as deficiency has been associated with nervous disorders.

Feliway is a synthetic copy of the natural feline facial pheromone, and creates a state of familiarity and security in the cat’s local environment.

Adaptil is a copy of a naturally released dog ‘appeasing pheromone’ that has a comforting and reassuring influence.

Please make an appointment to discuss your pet’s specific needs with us.

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